Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients, which in contrast to the macronutrients (lipids, carbohydrates, protein) do not contain any energy or building supplies for the body. However, they are involved in various vital processes. Since they cannot be processed in the body (with the exception of vitamin D), they are considered essential and must be supplied with food. Vitamins are divided into those soluble in water, and those soluble in fat.
Vitamins and minerals control the use of macro-nutrients and the metabolic functions of the body and are an important part of immune system, cells, muscles, and the overall well-being and vitality. Each of these vitamins carry out a specific function and if even one is missing, the human organism will not function as it should do.
Vitamins and Minerals in Sports
Athletes in particular have a special need for vitamins and minerals. This is due to their increased perspiration and activity. Insufficiency of vitamins and minerals inevitably leads to unsatisfactory results and malaise. It is quite possible that these problems can be attributed to excessive body fat, lack of performance and vitality.